Why is Faculty-to-Student Ratio Important?

In recent years, the faculty-to-student ratio has gained importance as a criterion for students and parents to consider. Along with curriculum structure, course offerings, and other factors, the ratio impacts educational rigor. There are several other reasons, as we will examine in the following article, which render this ratio a crucial facet of the student experience.

Class Size in Early Education

While a number of research projects study the impacts of class size on middle-grade learners, what they often fail to consider when they declare that a high faculty-to-student ratio doesn’t impact the learning abilities of the students, is the early educational environment. Other studies have found that a low ratio during the first years of schooling have the most impact, even if the class sizes increase as the students near the end of their secondary education.

This factor is crucial when considering the degree of personal accountability for learning success and measurable sense of accomplishment that students carry with them throughout their lives. Some studies indicated that those individuals who learned in an environment with more personalized attention and lower ratios of teachers to learners more often sought a college education than those who did not.

On to University

While it may be largely unavoidable that students experience the auditorium class—in which they may be one of several hundred students—by and large, this is not a preferred learning environment. While many professionals may consider the ratio of minimal importance in assessing educational quality of a university program, it has other meanings in the collegiate realm.

The national average for all universities is 18:1—that’s eighteen students for every faculty member of any classification. In a collegiate environment, this is a well-balanced number, but can vary wildly from institution to institution, especially when evaluating private colleges as well as public universities. While the quality of instruction may not vary accordingly as the ratio expands or shrinks, the numbers offered to prospective students matter.

A lower ratio indicates that the university pays more faculty members to instruct students and offer guidance during office hours. In recent years, this has come to include non-tenured adjunct staff, who often possess a master’s degree in a particular field, but are not qualified to seek full-time or tenured positions. When you’re exploring your college options, this is an important question to ask. How many of the classes utilize adjunct staff?

Universities that employ a high number of adjuncts to lower their ratio often offer adjuncts only part-time status. This allows them to avoid insurance provisions and other perks that come with faculty positions. These individuals are also paid less, which means that they must seek other employment to supplement their earnings from the university. Such a division of teacher attention can have subtle impacts on the quality of educational guidance they provide.

While it may not impact the educational experience of individuals in the middle grades or high school, it can have a decidedly positive or negative effect on early educational outcomes. Moreover, the ratio indicates the approach to educational quality adopted by a university or college. In some regards, it can denote a dedication to student time with an instructor, especially in the more rigorous segments of a degree program. The faculty-to-student ratio isn’t always critical to direct interaction, but can function as a determining facet of institutional attitude towards student excellence, personal accountability, and direct instruction time allotted to students.

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